Community Integrated Farming

The project will provide a model of integrated farming to the residents of the target areas by developing three components of farming: a) fish growing by raising three types of fish native to Cambodia — a catfish (Pangasius Pangasius), silver barb (Pantius gorionthus), and silver carp native to China (Hypophtal michthys molitrix), locally called trey pra, trey speun, and trey kopsau, respectively  (Procedures on fish culture and production is attached on this proposal for further information on fish farming); b) livestock production will primarily use hybrid pigs as farmers are used to growing pigs and they cost effective for large ponds than chickens or ducks, but beneficiaries still have the option to raise chickens, ducks, geese, and/or other livestock; and c) vegetables farming.

The maintenance and operation of the three components of the integrating farming is cost effective as each component supports the other components, and vice versa. The pig wastes will be used to fertilize the fish ponds and the vegetables gardens, and the produce of the gardens will also be used to feed the pigs.  During rice planting season, some fishes will be released to the rice fields which can multiply and be harvested for selling and consumption.

The integrated farming will be implemented by the direct beneficiaries themselves. They will also undergo continuous training and technical assistance will be provided throughout the project duration. The direct beneficiaries will participate in the construction of the integrated farming facilities, such as the fish ponds, pig pens, and garden areas. The daily maintenance and operation of the facilities will also be shared among the direct beneficiaries. The project team will primarily oversee the overall operation and facilitate the organizing of the training and technical assistance.

Much the fish station will be used for growing vegetables to feed both the stations’ animals and also several landless households in the community.  Fruit trees will border the site.  In addition, beginning with the second year, fish will be donated to destitute members of the community in exchange for work at the fish station and/or community service; fish may also be given on a case-by-case basis to soup kitchens, urban squatter villages, etc.  The idea is to provide some nourishment in a dignified manner to the poorest.  Since the poorest are not part of the market we intend to enter, giving away fish to these people will not hurt our success.  This aspect of the project will be coordinated with other IFDO programs and other NGOs dedicated to food security.